Feasibility study of the project of calf rearing with capacity of 1500 hybrid cow-calves in three cycles, where 500 calves will be fattened in each cycle for four months. The head of calves will be bought from the relevant markets that we will mention herein. The calves to be bought will weigh 300kg, 27kg and 250kg per each calf with average age of one year to one and half year, where this is the optimal age for rearing and fattening calves due to the rapid rate of weight increase in these ages. We will present the feasibility study of the project based on the calcula- tions of one year only.
Studying the Market:
Silwana Diamond's team studied the cattle markets that can serve the project of cow-calf rearing, and it was found that calves with the above-mentioned weights are available at proper prices that are close to each other at most of the studied markets. Below are the most
prominent markets studied:
Qutur market on Friday.
Kafr Al Sheikh market on Thursday.
Desouk market on Wednesday.
Mansoura market on Sunday.
Mahalla market on Monday.
Zefta market on Tuesday.
Mit Ghamr market on Wednesday.
Tanta market on Wednesday.
Faiyum market on Tuesday.
Menia market on Sunday.
Asyut market on Monday.
Biyala market on Saturday.
Feasibility Study The feasibility study for breeding calf at 300 mixed calf in three courses where 100 calf are to be fattened per each course; The period of each course is four months and the heads are bought from the specialized markets which we will mention within the study, where the weights of purchase are 300 kilograms, 270 kilograms, 250 kilograms, and 200 kilograms per calf with an age average of one year to one and half year because it is considered as the optimum age for breeding calves and fattening them that is because the rates of increase in weight are high at these ages. We will conduct the feasibility study of the project based on calculations for the following five years.
Technical Study of the Project of Breeding Calves:
First: Fixed Assets:
They include the land on which the project is established at a location where a source
of good suitable water and a source of electricity are available.
Preparation of Barns
Each animal requires from 5 to 10 meters, which shall account for an area of
shadow and nourishment and drinking area, that is because a one calf require 2 square
meters to move freely and coexists easily. Barns will be prepared based on the top
technology and will be equipped with solar energy to be suitable for the calf
Sheds will be designed with galvanized poles and trellis ceilings with blue colored
sheet to block the sun. The height of sheds will be a minimum of 4 meters and will not
exceed 5 meters. Floors will be furnished with cement of 10 cm height. Galvanized
iron blockages will be placed between the animals and the feeders.
They are designed from treated plastic or galvanized sheets. A valid for drinking
water is to be provided day and night.
An electronic scale and normal scale.
The electronic scale:
The animal is to be weighted every 15 days to know the growth and to follow-up the
course of the process of breeding of calves. If the growth rates were slow, then the
food can be increased, and they were good, the same feeding system could be
Labor for the calf breeding project:
The project needs 2 technicians with enough experience in breeding and fattening
cattle, 5 workers for the service in the barn, an executive manager, a vit certified by
the ministry of agriculture for regular inspection, and a costs accountant.
This is a long-term labor for the periods of the four courses. There is also a temporal
labor such as (work of transfer of feed and animals) and it is being paid according to
work done, all of such expected costs will be added to the salaries of labor in the
The project of Silwana Diamond Group depends on calves which are suitable for
The selection of the type of calves to be fattened is depends basically on the study of
local conditions and requirements and focus on some important characteristics which
determines the extent of the health and safety of the breed of calves or the type to be
selected and the search for calves of unified size, color, and weight where calves of
broad bodies, dense meat, and short legs are preferable selection taking into
consideration the hair density, skin texture, shape of the body at different areas and
the head area.
Type of feeding required for calves differs according to age where calves need to be
fed feeds which consist of grain, hay, or a mixture of both of them and their food
should contain approximately 81% protein which may decreased by approximately
14% when the calves reaches an age of one year to one and half year and close to the
weaning phase. Such percent of protein could be maintained within the feed of calves
till the stop of feeding grains daily. For older calves, they mostly need costly feeding
to complete the course of 4 months to guarantee a good season.